Enhancing the Role of the District Government in Decentralized Forest Management

  • Ristianto Pribadi Graduate School in Forest Management Science, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University, Academic Ring Road, Campus IPB Dramaga, Bogor, Indonesia 16680
  • Dodik Ridho Nurrochmat Department of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University, Academic Ring Road, Campus IPB Dramaga, Bogor, Indonesia 16680
  • Endang Suhendang Department of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University, Academic Ring Road, Campus IPB Dramaga, Bogor, Indonesia 16680
  • Hermanto Siregar Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, IPB University, Academic Ring Road, Campus IPB Dramaga, Bogor, Indonesia 16680
Keywords: analytic network process, decentralized forest management, government role, social capital

Abstract

Following the enactment of Law Number 23 of 2014 on the Regional Government, which superseded Law Number 22 of 1999 and Law Number 32 of 2004, now the local government has no longer holds an authority to manage state forest areas, except “grand forest park” (Taman Hutan Raya) located in their respective administrative areas. The management of production forests and protected forests (located at state forest areas) is the authority and responsibility of the provincial government, while the management of conservation forests is the authority of the central government. The success of forest management and management program activities is determined, among others, by government and local government policies and their implementation at the site level. By considering ntthe complexity of forest management, the context of decentralization, and available resources as well as constrained authority, this study aims to identify the level of importance, priorities, and main roles of district governments in forest management by applying the analytic network process (ANP) method.  This study suggests that the district government could play a significant role in building social capital, which serves as a first step in developing collaborative forest management by promoting the optimization of multipurpose forests to preserve forests.

References

Birner, R., & Wittmer, H. (2000). On the "Efficient Boundary of the State." A Transaction Cost Economics Approach to the Analysis of Decentralization and Devolution in Natural Resources Management. In: The XXIV International Conference of Agricultural Economist. Berlin.

Budiono, R., Nugroho, B., Hardjanto., & Nurrochmat, D. R. (2019). The village forest as a counter territorialization by village communities in Kampar Peninsula Riau. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, 24(3), 115–125. https://doi.org/jtfm.24.3.115

Di Gregorio, M., Fatorellia, L., Paavolaa, J., Locatelli, B., Pramova, E., Nurrochmat, D. R., …, & Kusumadewi, S. D. (2019). Multi-level governance and power in climate change policy networks. Global Environmental Change, 54, 64–77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2018.10.003

Di Gregorio, M., Nurrochmat, D. R., Paavolaa, J., Sari, I. M., Fatorellia, L., Pramova, E., ..., & Kusumadewi, S. D. (2016). Climate policy integration in the land use sector: Mitigation, adaptation and sustainable development linkages. Environmental Science & Policy, 67, 35–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2016.11.004

[DISHUT Jambi] Dinas Kehutanan Provinsi Jambi. (2016). Rencana strategis Dinas Kehutanan Provinsi Jambi 20162021. Jambi: Dinas Kehutanan Provinsi Jambi.

Erbaugh, J. T., Nurrochmat, D. R., & Purnomo, H. (2016). Regulation, formalization, and smallholder timber production in northern Central Java, Indonesia. Agroforestry System, 91(5), 867–880. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-016-0037-6

Erbaugh, J. T., & Nurrochmat, D. R. (2019). Paradigm shift and business as usual through policy layering: Forest-related policy change in Indonesia (1999–2016). Land Use Policy, 86, 136–146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.04.021

Garcia-Fernàndez, C., Ruiz, Pérez M., & Wunder, S. (2008). Is multiple-use forest management widely implementable in the tropics? Forest Ecology Management 256, 1468–1476. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2008.04.029

Harbi, J., Erbaugh, J. T., Sidiq, M., Haasler, B., & Nurrochmat, D. R. (2018). Making a bridge between livelihoods and forest conservation: Lessons from non timber forest products’ utilization in South Sumatera, Indonesia. Forest Policy and Economics, 94, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2018.05.011

[KLHK] Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan. (2015). Rencana strategis Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Tahun 2015–2019. Jakarta: KLHK.

Maryudi, A., Nurrochmat, D. R., & Giessen, L. (2018). Research trend: Forest policy and governance – Future analyses in multiple social science disciplines. Forest Policy and Economics, 91,1–4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2018.02.007

Nurfatriani, F., Darusman, D., Nurrochmat, D. R., Yustika, A. E., & Muttaqin, M. Z. (2015). Redesigning Indonesian forest fiscal policy to support forest conservation. Forest Policy and Economics, 61, 39–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2015.07.006

Nurrochmat, D. R. (2005). The impacts of regional autonomy on political dynamics, socio-economics and forest degradation. Case of Jambi-Indonesia. Goettingen: Cuvillier Verlag.

Nurrochmat, D. R, Dharmawan, A. H., Obidzinski, K., Dermawan, A., & Erbaugh J. T. (2016a). Contesting national and international forest regimes: Case of timber legality certification for community forests in Central Java, Indonesia. Forest Policy and Economics, 68, 54–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2014.09.008

Nurrochmat, D. R., Darusman, D., & Ekayani, M. (2016b). Kebijakan pembangunan kehutanan dan lingkungan: Teori dan implementasi. Bogor: IPB Press.

Nurrochmat, D. R., Nugroho, I. A., Hardjanto, Purwadianto, A., Maryudi, A., & Erbaugh, J.T. (2017). Shifting contestation into cooperation: Strategy to incorporate different interest of actors in medicinal plants in Meru Betiri National Park, Indonesia. Forest Policy and Economics, 83, 162–168. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2017.08.005

[PEMKAB Tebo] Pemerintah Kabupaten Tebo. (2017). Rencana pembangunan jangka menengah daerah Kabupaten Tebo Tahun 2017–2022. Tebo: Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah Kabupaten Tebo.

Putnam, R.D. (1993). The prosperous community social capital and public life. The American Prospect, 4(13).

Ribot, J. C., & Larson, A. M. (2005). Democratic decentralisation through a natural resource lens. London and New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Rochmayanto, Y., Nurrochmat, D. R., Nugroho, B., Darusman, D., & Satria, A. (2019). Implementation of REDD+ in the existing forest property rights: Lessons from Berau, East Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. IOP Earth and Environmental Science, 285(1).

Saaty, T. L. (2005). Theory and applications of the analytic network process. Pittsburgh: RWS Publications.

Saaty, T. L., & Vargas, L. G. (2006). Decision making with the analytic network process, economic, political, social and technological applications with benefits, opportunities, costs and risks. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh.

Sabogal, C., Guariguata, M. R., Broadhead, J., Lescuyer, G., Savilaakso, S., Essoungou, N., & Sist, P. (2013). Multiple-use forest management in the humid tropics: Opportunities and challenges for sustainable forest management. In: FAO Forestry Paper No. 173, Rome: FAO and CIFOR.

Sahide, M. A. K, Nurrochmat, D. R., & Giessen, L. (2015). The regime complex for tropical rainforest transformation: Analysing the relevance of multiple global and regional land use regimes in Indonesia. Land Use Policy, 47, 408–425. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.04.030

Santoso, S. S., Nurrochmat, D. R., Nugroho, B., & Santoso, I. (2019). The feasibility of the implementation of forest management units' (FMUS') policy: A case study in FMU Yogyakarta and FMU region IX Panyabungan. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, 25(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.7226/jtfm.25.1.1

Sukwika, T., Darusman, D., Kusmana, C., & Nurrochmat, D. R. (2016). Evaluating the level of sustainablity of privately managed forest in Bogor, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 17(1), 241–248. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d170135

Tampubolon et al. (2018). Toolkits Perencanaan Multiguna Hutan. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hutan. Badan Penelitian, Pengembangan, dan Inovasi Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan. Bogor.

Wang, S., & Wilson, B. (2007). Pluralism in the economics of sustainable forest management. Forest Policy and Economics, 9, 743–750. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2006.03.013

World Bank. (2003). Mengupayakan bekerjanya desentralisasi. In: Indonesia Policy Briefs - Ide-Ide Program 100 Hari. Jakarta: Word Bank.

Published
2020-08-14
How to Cite
Pribadi, R., Nurrochmat, D. R., Suhendang, E., & Siregar, H. (2020). Enhancing the Role of the District Government in Decentralized Forest Management. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, 26(2), 114. https://doi.org/10.7226/jtfm.26.2.114
Section
Articles