Institutional Impacts on Choice of Traditional Agroforestry-Based Rural Community Livelihood Strategies in Maluku

(Utilization of “Dusung” and Nutmeg in Booi Village, Maluku)

  • Hendri Dony Hahury Department of Economic Development, Faculty of Economics and Business, Pattimura University, Jln. Ir. M. Putuhena, Kampus Poka, Ambon, Indonesia, 97233
  • Tity Susilowati Prabawa Development Studies of Interdisciplinary Faculty, Satya Wacana Christian University, Jl. Diponegoro No. 5260, Salatiga, Indonesia 50711
  • Pamerdi Giri Wiloso Development Studies of Interdisciplinary Faculty, Satya Wacana Christian University, Jl. Diponegoro No. 5260, Salatiga, Indonesia 50711
  • Tontji Soumokil Development Studies of Interdisciplinary Faculty, Satya Wacana Christian University, Jl. Diponegoro No. 5260, Salatiga, Indonesia 50711
  • Marthen Luther Ndoen Development Studies of Interdisciplinary Faculty, Satya Wacana Christian University, Jl. Diponegoro No. 5260, Salatiga, Indonesia 50711
Keywords: institutional, choice of livelihood strategy, dusung, nutmeg tree

Abstract

The ability of rural communities responding to vulnerabilities highly depends on local and institutional adaptations. The institutional adaptation is formed based on habits rooted in the community’s local knowledge and life experience. Utilization of traditional agroforestry on rural land is unique for each individual, resulting different livelihood strategies to deal with vulnerability. This study aims to understand institutional impacts on the choice of rural livelihood strategies through traditional agroforestry using an institutional approach (traditions, customs, and rules) and a livelihood framework. This research was conducted in Booi Village, Maluku, from October 2016 to September 2018. The data was collected through in-depth interviews and document studies. Interviews were conducted to key informants such as Raja (head) of Booi Village, farmers (landowners), community members who did not own land, and village governments. The results showed that the community had a variety of choices for livelihood strategies, including intensification, extensification, diversification, and “holding” nutmeg seeds. The presence of institutional impact was also proven to have a significant effect on the livelihoods of the Booi community, for example, in the form of access for the community who did not have assets (informal insurance).

Author Biographies

Tity Susilowati Prabawa, Development Studies of Interdisciplinary Faculty, Satya Wacana Christian University, Jl. Diponegoro No. 5260, Salatiga, Indonesia 50711

Fakultas Pascasarjana Interdisiplin

Jurusan Studi Pembangunan

Pamerdi Giri Wiloso, Development Studies of Interdisciplinary Faculty, Satya Wacana Christian University, Jl. Diponegoro No. 5260, Salatiga, Indonesia 50711

Fakultas Pascasarjana Interdisiplin

Jurusan Studi Pembangunan

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Published
2020-08-16
How to Cite
Hahury, H. D., Prabawa, T. S., Wiloso, P. G., Soumokil, T., & Ndoen, M. L. (2020). Institutional Impacts on Choice of Traditional Agroforestry-Based Rural Community Livelihood Strategies in Maluku: (Utilization of “Dusung” and Nutmeg in Booi Village, Maluku). Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, 26(2), 189. Retrieved from http://jmpi.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jmht/article/view/29243
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